Function to calculate student growth percentiles using large scale assessment data. Outputs growth percentiles for each student and supplies various options as function arguments. Results from this function are utilized to calculate percentile growth projections/trajectories using the studentGrowthProjections function.

studentGrowthPercentiles(panel.data,
                         sgp.labels,
                         panel.data.vnames=NULL,
                         additional.vnames.to.return=NULL,
                         grade.progression,
                         content_area.progression,
                         year.progression,
                         year_lags.progression,
                         num.prior,
                         max.order.for.percentile=NULL,
                         return.additional.max.order.sgp=NULL,
                         subset.grade,
                         percentile.cuts,
                         growth.levels,
                         use.my.knots.boundaries,
                         use.my.coefficient.matrices,
                         calculate.confidence.intervals,
                         print.other.gp=FALSE,
                         print.sgp.order=FALSE,
                         calculate.sgps=TRUE,
                         rq.method="br",
                         rq.method.for.large.n="fn",
                         max.n.for.coefficient.matrices=NULL,
                         knot.cut.percentiles=c(0.2,0.4,0.6,0.8),
                         knots.boundaries.by.panel=FALSE,
                         exact.grade.progression.sequence=FALSE,
                         drop.nonsequential.grade.progression.variables=TRUE,
                         convert.0and100=TRUE,
                         sgp.quantiles="Percentiles",
                         sgp.quantiles.labels=NULL,
                         sgp.loss.hoss.adjustment=NULL,
                         sgp.cohort.size=NULL,
                         sgp.less.than.sgp.cohort.size.return=NULL,
                         sgp.test.cohort.size=NULL,
                         percuts.digits=0L,
                         isotonize=TRUE,
                         convert.using.loss.hoss=TRUE,
                         goodness.of.fit=TRUE,
                         goodness.of.fit.minimum.n=NULL,
                         goodness.of.fit.output.format="GROB",
                         return.prior.scale.score=TRUE,
                         return.prior.scale.score.standardized=TRUE,
                         return.norm.group.identifier=TRUE,
                         return.norm.group.scale.scores=NULL,
                         return.norm.group.dates=NULL,
                         return.norm.group.preference=NULL,
                         return.panel.data=identical(parent.frame(), .GlobalEnv),
                         print.time.taken=TRUE,
                         parallel.config=NULL,
                         calculate.simex=NULL,
                         sgp.percentiles.set.seed=314159,
                         sgp.percentiles.equated=NULL,
                         SGPt=NULL,
                         SGPt.max.time=NULL,
                         verbose.output=FALSE)

Arguments

panel.data

REQUIRED. Object of class list, data.frame, or matrix containing longitudinal student data in wide format. If supplied as part of a list, data should be contained in panel.data$Panel_Data. Data must be formatted so that student ID is the first variable/column, student grade/time variables for each time period, from earliest to most recent, are the next variables/columns, and student scale score variables for each year, from earliest to latest, are the remaining variables/columns. See sgpData for an exemplar data set. NOTE: The column position of the variables IS IMPORTANT, NOT the names of the variables.

sgp.labels

REQUIRED. A list, sgp.labels, of the form list(my.year= , my.subject= ) or list(my.year= , my.subject= , my.extra.label). The user-specified values are used to save the student growth percentiles, coefficient matrices, knots/boundaries, and goodness of fit results in an orderly fashion using an appropriate combination of year & subject & grade. Except in special circumstances, supplying my.year and my.subject are sufficient to uniquely label derivative output.

panel.data.vnames

Vector of variables to use in student growth percentile calculations. If not specified, function attempts to use all available variables.

additional.vnames.to.return

A list of the form list(VARIABLE_NAME_SUPPLIED=VARIABLE_NAME_TO_BE_RETURNED) indicating data to be returned with results from studentGrowthPercentiles analyses.

grade.progression

Preferred argument to specify a student grade/time progression in the data. For example, 3:4 would indicate to subset the data where the two most recent grades for which data are available are 3 and 4, respectively. The argument allows for non-sequential grade progressions to be analyzed with automatic removal of columns where "holes" occur in the supplied grade.progression. For example, for the grade.progression c(7,8,10), the penultimate GRADE and SCALE_SCORE column in the supplied panel.data would be removed. The argument can also be combined with an appropriate panel.data.vnames argument to remove a year of data would analyze students progressing from 7 to 8 to 10.

content_area.progression

Character vector of content area names of same length as grade.progression to be provided if not all identical to 'my.subject' in sgp.labels list. Vector will be used to populate the @Content_Areas slot of the splineMatrix class coefficient matrices. If missing, 'sgp.labels$my.subject' is repeated in a vector length equal to grade.progression.

year.progression

Character vector of years associated with grade and content area progressions. If missing then the year.progression is assumed to end in 'my.year' provided in sgp.labels and be of the same length as grade.progression. Vector will be used to populate the @Years slot of the splineMatrix class coefficient matrices.

year_lags.progression

A numeric vector indicating the time lags/span between observations in the columns supplied to studentGrowthPercentiles. The default, NULL, allows the function to calculate the lags/differences based upon the supplied years.

num.prior

Number of prior scores one wishes to use in the analysis. Defaults to num.panels-1. If num.prior=1, then only 1st order growth percentiles are computed, if num.prior=2, then 1st and 2nd order are computed, if num.prior=3, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd ... NOTE: specifying num.prior is necessary in some situations (in early grades for example) where the number of prior data points is small compared to the number of panels of data.

max.order.for.percentile

A positive integer indicating the maximum order for percentiles desired. Similar limiting of number of priors used can be accomplished using the grade.progression argument.

return.additional.max.order.sgp

A positive integer (defaults to NULL) indicating the order of an additional SGP to be returned: SGP_MAX_ORDER_N.

subset.grade

Student grade level for sub-setting. If the data fed into the function contains multiple grades, setting subset.grade=5 selects out those students in grade five in the most recent year of the data. If no sub-setting is desired, argument do not include the subset.grade argument. If grade.progression is supplied, then a subset grade is implicitly specified.

percentile.cuts

Additional percentile cuts (supplied as a vector) between 1 and 99 associated with each student's conditional distribution. Default is to provide NO growth percentile cuts (scale scores associated with those growth percentiles) for each student.

growth.levels

A two letter state acronym or a list of the form list(my.cuts= , my.levels= ) specifying a vector of cuts between 1 and 99 (e.g., 35, 65) and the associated qualitative levels associated with the cuts (e.g., low, typical, and high). Note that the length of my.levels should be one more than the length of my.cuts. To add your growth levels to the SGPstateData data set, please contact the package administrator.

use.my.knots.boundaries

A list of the form list(my.year= , my.subject= ) specifying a set of pre-calculated knots and boundaries for B-spline calculations. Most often used to utilize knots and boundaries calculated from a previous analysis. Knots and boundaries are stored (and must be made available) with panel.data supplied as a list in panel.data$Knots_Boundaries$my.subject.my.year. As of SGP_0.0-6 user can also supply a two letter state acronym to utilize knots and boundaries within the SGPstateData data set supplied with the SGP package. To add your knots and boundaries to the SGPstateData data set, please contact the package administrator. If missing, function automatically calculates knots, boundaries, and loss.hoss values and stores them in panel.data$Knots_Boundaries $my.subject.my.year where my.subject and my.year are provided by sgp.labels.

use.my.coefficient.matrices

A list of the form list(my.year= , my.subject= ) specifying a set of pre-calculated coefficient matrices to use for student growth percentile calculations. Can be used to calculate baseline referenced student growth percentiles or to calculate student growth percentiles for small groups of excluded students without recalculating an entire set of data. If missing, coefficient matrices are calculated based upon the provided data and stores them in panel.data$Coefficient_Matrices$my.subject.my.year where my.subject and my.year are provided by sgp.labels.

calculate.confidence.intervals

A character vector providing either a state acronym or a variable name from the supplied panel data. If a state acronym, CSEM tables from the embedded SGPstateData (note: CSEM data must be embedded in the SGPstateData set. To have your state CSEMs embed in the SGPstateData set, please contact the package administrator) will be used. If a variable name, the supplied panel data must contain a variable providing student level CSEMs (e.g., with adaptive testing). NOTE: If a variable name is supplied, the user must also use the argument panel.data.vnames indicating what variables in the supplied panel.data will be used for the studentGrowthPercentiles analysis. For greater control, the user can also supply a list of the form list(state= , confidence.quantiles= , simulation.iterations= , distribution= , round= ) or list(variable= , confidence.quantiles= , simulation.iterations= , distribution= , round= ) specifying the state or variable to use, confidence.quantiles to report from the simulated SGPs calculated for each student, simulation.iterations indicating the number of simulated SGPs to calculate, distribution indicating whether to the the Normal or Skew-Normal to calculate SGPs, and round (defaults to 1, which is an integer - see round_any from plyr package for details) giving the level to round to. If requested, simulations are calculated and simulated SGPs are stored in panel.data$Simulated_SGPs.

print.other.gp

Boolean argument (defaults to FALSE) indicating whether growth percentiles of all orders should be returned. The default returns only the highest order growth percentile for each student.

print.sgp.order

Boolean argument (defaults to FALSE) indicating whether the order of the growth percentile should be provided in addition to the SGP itself.

calculate.sgps

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether student growth percentiles should be calculated following coefficient matrix calculation.

rq.method

Argument defining the estimation method used in the quantile regression calculations. The default is the "br" method referring to the Barrodale and Robert's L1 estimation detailed in Koenker (2005) and in the help for the quantile regression (quantreg) package.

rq.method.for.large.n

Argument defining the estimation method used in the quantile regression calculations when norm group cohort size exceeds 300,000 students. The default is the "fn" method referring to the Frisch-Newton estimation detailed in Koenker (2005) and in the help for the quantile regression (quantreg) package.

max.n.for.coefficient.matrices

Argument the defines a size threshold above which a subset of data is taken with a number of cases equal to the sgp.subset.size.threshold argument. Default is NULL, no subset is taken.

knot.cut.percentiles

Argument that specifies the quantiles to be used for calculation of B-spline knots. Default is to place knots at the 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8 quantiles.

knots.boundaries.by.panel

Boolean argument (defaults to FALSE) indicating whether knots and boundaries should be calculated by panel in supplied panel data instead of aggregating across panel. If panels are on different scales, then different knots and boundaries may be required to accommodate quantile regression analyses.

exact.grade.progression.sequence

Boolean argument indicating whether the grade.progression supplied is used exactly (TRUE) as supplied or whether lower order analyses are run as part of the whole analysis (FALSE--the default).

drop.nonsequential.grade.progression.variables

Boolean argument indicating whether to drop variables that do not occur with a non-sequential grade progress. For example, if the grade progression 7, 8, 10 is provided, the penultimate variable in panel.data is dropped. Default is TRUE.

convert.0and100

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether conversion of growth percentiles of 0 and 100 to growth percentiles of 1 and 99, respectively, occurs. The default produces growth percentiles ranging from 1 to 99.

sgp.quantiles

Argument to specify quantiles for quantile regression estimation. Default is Percentiles. User can additionally submit a vector of quantiles (between 0 and 1). Goodness of fit output only available currently for PERCENTILES.

sgp.quantiles.labels

Argument to specify integer labels associated with provided 'sgp.quantiles'. Integer labels must a vector of length 1 longer than the length of 'sgp.quantiles'.

sgp.loss.hoss.adjustment

Argument to control whether SGP is calculated using which.max for values associated with the hoss embedded in SGPstateData. Providing two letter state acronym utilizes this adjustment whereas supply NULL (the default) uses no adjustment.

sgp.cohort.size

Argument to control the minimum cohort size used to calculate SGPs and associated coefficient matrices. NULL (the default) uses no restriction. If not NULL, argument should be an integer value.

sgp.less.than.sgp.cohort.size.return

If non-NULL, indicates whether a data set should be returned with the indicated character string in place of the SGP that would be calculated. If set to TRUE, then character string: < sgp.cohort.size students in cohort. No SGP Calculated.

sgp.test.cohort.size

Integer indicating the maximum number of students sampled from the full cohort to use in the calculation of student growth percentiles. Intended to be used as a test of the desired analyses to be run. The default, NULL, uses no restrictions (no tests are performed, and analyses use the entire cohort of students).

percuts.digits

Argument specifying how many digits (defaults to 2) to print percentile cuts (if asked for) with.

isotonize

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether quantile regression results are isotonized to prevent quantile crossing following the methods derived by Chernozhukov, Fernandez-Val and Glichon (2010).

convert.using.loss.hoss

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether requested percentile cuts are adjusted using the lowest obtainable scale score (LOSS) and highest obtainable scale score (HOSS). Those percentile cuts above the HOSS are replaced with the HOSS and those percentile cuts below the LOSS are replaced with the LOSS. The LOSS and HOSS are obtained from the loss and hoss calculated with the knots and boundaries used for spline calculations.

goodness.of.fit

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether to produce goodness of fit results associated with produced student growth percentiles. Goodness of fit results are grid.grobs stored in panel.data$Goodness_of_Fit $my.subject.my.year where my.subject and my.year are provided by sgp.labels.

goodness.of.fit.minimum.n

Integer argument (defaults to 250) indicating the minimum number of observations necessary before goodness of fit plots are constructed."

goodness.of.fit.output.format

Character argument (defaults to graphical object 'GROB') indicating output format for goodness of fit plots. Options include: 'GROB', 'PDF', 'PNG', 'SVG'.

return.prior.scale.score

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether to include the prior scale score in the SGP data output. Useful for examining relationship between prior achievement and student growth.

return.prior.scale.score.standardized

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether to include the standardized prior scale score in the SGP data output. Useful for examining relationship between prior achievement and student growth.

return.norm.group.identifier

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether to include the content areas and years that form students' specific norm group in the SGP data output.

return.norm.group.scale.scores

Boolean argument (defaults to NULL) indicating whether to return a semi-colon separated character vector of the scores associated with the SGP_NORM_GROUP to which the student belongs.

return.norm.group.dates

Boolean argument or character string (defaults to NULL) indicating whether to return a semi-colon separated character vector of the dates associated with time dependent SGPt calculations. If TRUE is supplied, 'DATE' is the assumed name for the date variable.

return.norm.group.preference

A single numeric value (defaults to NULL). When multiple SGPs will be produced for some students and a system is required to identify the preferred SGP that will be matched with the student in the combineSGP function. This argument provides a ranking that specifies how preferable SGPs produced from the analysis in question is relative to other possible analyses. LOWER NUMBERS CORRESPOND WITH HIGHER PREFERENCE.

return.panel.data

Boolean argument indicating whether to return the original data provided in panel.data$Panel_Data in the SGP list of results. Defaults to 'identical(parent.frame(), .GlobalEnv)': If the parent environment from which the function is called is .GlobalEnv, then FALSE, otherwise TRUE.

print.time.taken

Boolean argument (defaults to TRUE) indicating whether to print message indicating information on studentGrowthPercentiles analysis and time taken.

parallel.config

parallel configuration argument allowing for parallel analysis by 'tau'. Defaults to NULL.

calculate.simex

A character state acronym or list including state/csem variable, csem.data.vnames, csem.loss.hoss, simulation.iterations, simulation.sample.size, lambda and extrapolation method. Returns both SIMEX adjusted SGP (SGP_SIMEX) as well as the percentile ranked SIMEX SGP (RANK_SIMEX) values as suggested by Castellano and McCaffrey (2017). Defaults to NULL, no simex calculations performed.

sgp.percentiles.set.seed

An integer (or NULL) argument indicating whether to set.seed to make analyses fully reproducible. To turn off, set argument to NULL. Default is 314159.

sgp.percentiles.equated

An object containing information (linkages, year, ...) on equating done for calculating student growth percentiles.

SGPt

An argument supplied to implement time-dependent SGP analyses (SGPt). Default is NULL giving standard, non-time dependent argument. If set to TRUE, the function assumes the variables 'TIME' and 'TIME_LAG' are supplied as part of the panel.data. To specify other names, supply a list of the form: list(TIME='my_time_name', TIME_LAG='my_time_lag_name'), substituting your variable names.

SGPt.max.time

Boolean argument (defaults to NULL/FALSE) indicating whether cuts/trajectories should be calculated based upon the maximum Time value in the matrices. Such cuts are sometimes used to provide within window trajectories.

verbose.output

A Boolean argument indicating whether the function should output verbose diagnostic messages.

Details

Typical use of the function is to submit a data frame to the function containing records of all students across all grades, allowing the function to subset out specific grade progressions using grade.progression. Additional uses include using pre-calculated results to recalculate SGPs for baseline referencing. studentGrowthPercentiles examples provide code for use in analyzing assessment data across multiple grades.

Value

Function returns an object of class list containing objects: Coefficient_Matrices, Goodness_of_Fit, Knots_Boundaries, Panel_Data, SGPercentiles, Simulated_SGPs.

References

Betebenner, D. W. (2008). Toward a normative understanding of student growth. In K. E. Ryan & L. A. Shepard (Eds.), The Future of Test Based Accountability (pp. 155-170). New York: Routledge.

Betebenner, D. W. (2009). Norm- and criterion-referenced student growth. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 28(4):42-51.

Betebenner, D. W. (2012). Growth, standards, and accountability. In G. J. Cizek, Setting Performance Standards: Foundations, Methods & Innovations. 2nd Edition (pp. 439-450). New York: Routledge.

Castellano, K. E. & McCaffrey, D. F. (2017). The Accuracy of Aggregate Student Growth Percentiles as Indicators of Educator Performance. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 36(1):14-27.

Chernozhukov, V., Fernandez-Val, I. and Galichon, A. (2010), Quantile and Probability Curves Without Crossing. Econometrica, 78: 1093-1125.

Koenker, R. (2005). Quantile regression. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shang, Y., VanIwaarden, A., & Betebenner, D. W. (2015). Covariate measurement error correction for Student Growth Percentiles using the SIMEX method. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 34(1):4-14.

See also

studentGrowthProjections, sgpData, sgpData_LONG, SGPstateData

Examples

not_run({ ## Calculate 4th grade student growth percentiles using included sgpData require(SGPdata) sgp_g4 <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), percentile.cuts=c(1,35,65,99), subset.grade=4, num.prior=1) ## NOTE: "grade.progression" can be used in place of "subset.grade" and "num.prior" sgp_g4_v2 <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), percentile.cuts=c(1,35,65,99), grade.progression=c(3,4)) identical(sgp_g4$SGPercentiles, sgp_g4_v2$SGPercentiles) ## Established state Knots and Boundaries are available in the supplied SGPstateData ## file and used by supplying the appropriate two letter state acronym. sgp_g4_DEMO <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), use.my.knots.boundaries="DEMO", grade.progression=c(3,4)) ## Sample code for running non-sequential grade progression analysis. sgp_g8_DEMO <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), use.my.knots.boundaries="DEMO", grade.progression=c(5,6,8)) ## NOTE: Unless specified with 'goodness.of.fit.output.format' ## Goodness of Fit results are stored as graphical objects in the ## Goodness_of_Fit slot. To view or save (using any R output device) try: ## Load 'grid' package to access grid.draw function require(grid) grid.draw(sgp_g4$Goodness_of_Fit$READING.2054[[1]]) require(grid) pdf(file="Grade_4_Reading_2015_GOF.pdf", width=8.5, height=4.5) grid.draw(sgp_g4$Goodness_of_Fit$READING.2015[[1]]) dev.off() # Other grades sgp_g5 <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), percentile.cuts=c(1,35,65,99), grade.progression=3:5) sgp_g6 <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), percentile.cuts=c(1,35,65,99), grade.progression=3:6) sgp_g7 <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), percentile.cuts=c(1,35,65,99), grade.progression=3:7) sgp_g8 <- studentGrowthPercentiles( panel.data=sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), percentile.cuts=c(1,35,65,99), grade.progression=4:8) ## All output of studentGrowthPercentiles (e.g., coefficient matrices) is contained ## in the object. See, for example, names(sgp_g8), for all included objects. ## Results are stored in the slot SGPercentiles. # Combine all results sgp_all <- rbind( sgp_g4$SGPercentiles$READING.2015, sgp_g5$SGPercentiles$READING.2015, sgp_g6$SGPercentiles$READING.2015, sgp_g7$SGPercentiles$READING.2015, sgp_g8$SGPercentiles$READING.2015) # Save SGP results to .csv file write.csv(sgp_all, file="sgp_all.csv", row.names=FALSE, quote=FALSE, na="") ## NOTE: studentGrowthPercentiles ADDs results to the current SGP object. ## This allows one to "recycle" the object for multiple grades and subjects as desired. # Loop to calculate all SGPs for all grades without percentile cuts # but with growth levels and goodness of fit plots exported automatically as PDFs, PNGs, and SVGs my.grade.sequences <- list(3:4, 3:5, 3:6, 3:7, 4:8) my.sgpData <- list(Panel_Data=sgpData) ### Put sgpData into Panel_Data slot for (i in seq_along(my.grade.sequences)) { my.sgpData <- studentGrowthPercentiles(panel.data=my.sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), growth.levels="DEMO", goodness.of.fit="DEMO", goodness.of.fit.output.format=c("PDF", "PNG", "SVG"), grade.progression=my.grade.sequences[[i]]) } # Save Student Growth Percentiles results to a .csv file: write.csv(my.sgpData$SGPercentiles$READING.2015, file="2015_Reading_SGPercentiles.csv", row.names=FALSE, quote=FALSE, na="") ## Loop to calculate all SGPs for all grades using 2010 to 2013 data my.grade.sequences <- list(3:4, 3:5, 3:6, 3:7, 4:8) for (i in seq_along(my.grade.sequences)) { my.sgpData_2009 <- studentGrowthPercentiles(panel.data=my.sgpData, panel.data.vnames=c("ID", "GRADE_2010", "GRADE_2011", "GRADE_2012", "GRADE_2013", "SS_2010", "SS_2011", "SS_2012", "SS_2013"), sgp.labels=list(my.year=2013, my.subject="Reading"), grade.progression=my.grade.sequences[[i]]) } ## Loop to calculate all SGPs for all grades WITH 80<!-- % confidence intervals --> my.grade.sequences <- list(3:4, 3:5, 3:6, 3:7, 4:8) for (i in seq_along(my.grade.sequences)) { my.sgpData <- studentGrowthPercentiles(panel.data=my.sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), calculate.confidence.intervals=list(state="DEMO", confidence.quantiles=c(0.1, 0.9), simulation.iterations=100, distribution="Normal", round=1), grade.progression=my.grade.sequences[[i]]) } ### Example showing how to use pre-calculated coefficient ### matrices to calculate student growth percentiles my.grade.sequences <- list(3:4, 3:5, 3:6, 3:7, 4:8) my.sgpData <- list(Panel_Data=sgpData) ### Put sgpData into Panel_Data slot for (i in seq_along(my.grade.sequences)) { my.sgpData <- studentGrowthPercentiles(panel.data=my.sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), growth.levels="DEMO", grade.progression=my.grade.sequences[[i]]) } percentiles.1st.run <- my.sgpData$SGPercentiles$READING.2015 ### my.sgpData has as full set of coefficient matrices for Reading, 2015. To view these names(my.sgpData$Coefficient_Matrices$READING.2015) ## Let's NULL out the SGPercentiles slot and recreate the percentiles ## using the embedded coefficient matrices my.sgpData$SGPercentiles$READING.2015 <- NULL for (i in seq_along(my.grade.sequences)) { my.sgpData <- studentGrowthPercentiles(panel.data=my.sgpData, sgp.labels=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), use.my.knots.boundaries=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), use.my.coefficient.matrices=list(my.year=2015, my.subject="Reading"), growth.levels="DEMO", grade.progression=my.grade.sequences[[i]]) } percentiles.2nd.run <- my.sgpData$SGPercentiles$READING.2015 identical(percentiles.1st.run, percentiles.2nd.run) })